I Dropped the DRIP

This is the week that I turned off all the DRIP (Dividend Reinvestment Plan) settings on my SIPP (Self Invested Personal Pension) account.

All the investing primers will talk about compounding interest over the years being a key factor in maximising your returns. To increase the returns add dividend re-investment into that equation and it looks even better. However the automatic dividend reinvestment offered on your trading platform may not be the best option to do that. If like me you do not have large holdings of any particular share.

The way the DRIP feature works is it will take the dividend received for a share then attempt to buy shares with the amount, then charge a £1 fee. None of my dividend paying holdings return a dividend of more than £50, so whilst £1 seems a small amount to pay to trade, I am mostly breaking my trading rule to not spend more than 2% on a trade.

This doesn’t mean that I am not going to reinvest the dividend. I will allow dividend payments to accumulate, then add that to the regular pension contributions. The dividends will then be invested alongside the normal regular investments. This is going to reduce the costs of running the SIPP by about £35 a year (it all helps). This is also going to reduce the amount of effort involved in tracking the trades.

Why I invested in Alibaba

Until recently I have invested mainly in UK shares. I want to diversify my portfolio to be less UK centric so last year I started considering more international opportunities. Since then I’ve bought about 10 different international shares. Economic growth in China is an opportunity that is not being addressed in my current holdings, so I was looking for opportunities to invest in that region.

During 2018 I tracked the news on a number of companies including Alibaba. Alibaba has many online businesses (see the logos above), somewhat analogous to Amazon, eBay and Google. This company has a massive market and steady growth. Despite current concerns of the impact of the Trump trade wars impacting growth in China potentially reducing the near term growth, the long term prospects still look very good.

Alibaba are listed on the US market so can be bought through the trading platform I use. I finally took the plunge to buy, during the recent dip in price, I bought two tranches one this May, then another recently in June. I buy in tranches to attempt to even out the volatility and avoid buying in at an inopportune price. The second tranche has enabled me to reduce the average cost per share. I will look to buy again in 6 weeks. Currently I’m down just over 4%, but I’m only two months in and I’m looking for an investment that will be in place for 5 to 10 years. I don’t intend to buy more than 2% of my total portfolio in this share though.

What I could have done better is to spend more time looking into the detail of the accounts and gain a better understanding of the business, but I have limited time and have been swayed by the coverage in financial media. Time will tell if this was wise.

Tesla – buy on this dip?

Tesla’s share price is down, why should anyone invest in Tesla?

Red Tesla Model 3

Elon Musk’s strategy has been to vertically integrate wherever possible. This gives Tesla closer control of their value chain and an ability to have their own proprietary technology. For instance the recent custom processor development that reduces dependence upon Nvidia for autonomous driving compute resource.

The perceived risk of the shared patents is not as significant as some state. The ability to execute on these patents is dependent upon engineering experience which Tesla has an 8 year lead on all legacy manufacturers (compare the specifications of the original 2012 Model S with the newly released Audi eTron you’ll find that oldest Tesla model wins across the board). An additional key advantage for Tesla is the millions of miles of real world telemetry from their cars, this is more valuable than the patents in enabling their product lead, particularly in safety and innovation in autonomous driving.

Graph of efficiency, showing the Telsa lead over Mercedes, Jaguar and Audi
The most efficient cars in the world – Slide from the June 2019 Tesla Shareholders meeting

Battery supply is the Achilles heal for all electric car manufacturers, and looks likely to remain so, neither Kia or Hyundai can meet demand for their new electric cars. VW the most likely European challenger, with plans to ship 200,000 electric cars. But they have significant battery supply chain issues; firstly a proposed 20GB supply agreement with Samsung was downgraded to 5GB, and then patent litigation between a chosen partner SK Innovation and LG Chem bringing supply into doubt. The legacy automotive manufacturers who are committing to electric vehicle production are having to scramble to lock in supply chain deals for batteries, with the current lack of supply that implies increased battery prices in the short term and massive investment costs in the medium term. Simultaneously they are having to invest heavily in an attempt to catch up with Tesla. Meanwhile the Model 3 rips a hole in one of their more profitable segments outselling all the competing models in the US market.

Tesla is currently better positioned than their competitors with its own battery plants and partnership with Panasonic. Tesla has been steadily improving their own battery technology both incrementally, and more recently through the recent acquisition of Maxwell. The Maxwell technology has the potential to both increase power density and perhaps more importantly to reduce the factory space required to manufacture cells. Additionally Tesla now own the Maxwell supercapacitor IP, which appears to be at the heart of the recently released active suspension system in the Model S and Model X updates.

The Tesla cars are more advanced than any mass market competitor can hope to be in the next few years. They are currently more efficient (the important how far can it go on a charge). They are more capable, the performance version of a Model 3 will out perform a BMW M3 on a track for a lower price (not particularly useful for the average driver but a commercially important flagship variant).

On the downside, I’d have to agree that Tesla finance can seem precarious and Elon Musk likes to fly at the limit of risk. Tesla at this point is highly dependant upon his ruthless drive. Elon seems to exhibit a confluence of being both a shrewd operator along with occasional naivety, for instance announcing the closure of all showrooms, bating the SEC etc.. Like Steve Jobs with Apple, there is an undeniable dependence on a singular personality, which is definitely a risk to any investment. However Apple has continued, so I think would Tesla, although not with the same ruthless pace.

The dip in share price last quarter was due to the confluence of a number of factors over the three months; the reduction in US electric car tax credits, the China import papers debacle, impact of European industrial action on imports, the logistics of export to Europe (built cars sitting on ships), the Shanghai battery fire, the showroom go/no-go decisions. Although I expected that to be a temporary blip the share price continued down to around 35% from its peak price. This drop was due to a combination of Trump trade war related tech stock price hits and the fact that Q2 is not likely to deliver a profit, delighting the Tesla bears and short sellers. What they are missing is that the lack of profit is due to ongoing capital investment in new plant (a gIgafactory in China) new model development (the Model Y, the pickup truck and the truck). Value here in the medium term will not be from dividends it will be from growth.

On balance I’m seeing more good than bad in the overall picture, this low point is buying opportunity if you have the risk appetite. I’ve topped up last week to reduce my average buy-in price. Although the volatility of Tesla shares is appealing to traders I’m holding my handful of Tesla shares as a long term investment.