This week’s security now episode is particularly interesting, it describes the evolution of the Intel processor family as used in PCs. Steve Gibson explains the key architectural twists and turns that were taken as the processor evolved from 8 bit to 32 bit. Anyone having to deal with software on Intel based machines has most likely stumbled across the terms Real Mode and Protected Mode at some point. This podcast presents a clear description of these modes of operation and some of the practical constraints they impose upon the operation and architecture of the processor family. What makes this particularly interesting is that the context of the explanation itself becomes an explanation of the underlying programming of Steve Gibson’s ‘Spinrite’ disk repair software and some of the upcoming development work that will further improve its operation.